Orange – A Short Introduction, Scientific Name – Citrus sinensis, Orange or Santra fruit trees are found to be the most cultivated treed all over the world for its juicy, sweet and sour fruit. Orange fruit is consumed in many ways as fresh fruit, juice, and processed. Let us get to know more about this refreshing, juicy fruit and its uses.
A Short History Of Name & How Does The Tree Look Like
Its origin land language Sanskrit originates an orange name as ‘Naranga' later the name traveled with different people of different linguistic origins and changes occurred as a result of juncture loss and introduced as ‘Orange' worldwide. The color orange is coined after this fruit and first used in English in 1512.
Taste & Scent Of Orange
Orange is a very refreshing juicy fruit with a sweet and sour taste. Orange has a characteristic citric scent which makes us feel cool and refreshing.
Some Most Popular Culinary Uses Of Orange
Orange Juice: Orange juice is made by squeezing peeled oranges; is a refreshing beverage during summer and energetic in the winter season. You can add some black salt and other spices like roasted cumin seed powder to enhance the taste.
Santra Barfi: Santra is a name for orange in Indian sub-continent and Barfi is a sweet look like small square-shaped cakes. Santra Barfi is a delightful, sweet and sour dessert made using orange pulp, sugar and sometimes any dietary essence. Santra Barfi of Nagpur city of India is famous all over India.
Orange Jam: Due to its sweet and sour taste orange jam is popular among children. Orange jam is to make at home; you need three ingredients to make it viz. orange, sugar, and water. You have to boil and simmer roughly chopped orange pieces in water, add sugar to taste and keep stirring till it becomes thick; store in a cool place.
Marinade: Orange juice is the best natural marinade because of its acidic property. You can replace lime juice, wine-based vinegar with fresh orange juice; the acidity of orange makes the meat, fish, or chicken soft to cook.
Orange Salad: Orange salad with some chopped fennel leaves is the best combination for orange lovers. Chop orange into slices, onions to rings and fennel leaves; mix all with some olive oil and garnish with some fennel leaves.
Baking Cuisine: Orange cakes are famous among orange fans. Orange pulp is used to make cake sponge also used in the icing of the cake. Sometimes chopped orange slices are used to decorate the cakes.
Orange muffins: biscuits are made in many commercial bakeries and in households too; popular for its taste and freshness.
Pickle: Vinegar in pickle can be replaced with orange juice which serves as the preservative as well as the taste enhancer for pickles like onion pickle, fennel pickle, vegetable pickles.
Orange Halwa: Halwa is an Indian recipe made of semolina, sugar, clarified butter with some sweet aromatic spices like nutmeg, cardamom. Orange pulp can be added to the Halwa for the change in taste and bringing natural orange color.
Orange Chicken: Orange chicken is a Chinese dish of poultry that originated in Hunan Dynasty and got popular in American Chinese cuisine. Chicken is battered, fried and coated with orange sauce. This orange sauce coat gets caramelized and brings a glistering look to pieces.
Nutrition From Orange Fruit
Vitamin C is found abundantly in oranges; it also provides other vitamins like vitamin A, B group vitamins, Folate, Choline, and vitamin E. Orange fruit also provides dietary minerals like calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, zinc, and manganese.
Health Benefits Of Orange
Good Heart Health: Orange consumption provides an excellent source of potassium which is necessary for proper rhythmic pumping of the heart. Orange juice consumption also helps to reduce cholesterol levels in the body and clears blood vessels for proper flow of blood keeping the heart in sound health.
Fights Cancer: Studies have reveals that regular consumption of orange can reduce the chances of liver, lung, breast, colon, and stomach cancer as orange contains vitamins A compounds like carotenoids as well as it is rich in antioxidants which are helpful to fight against cancer.
Anti-inflammatory: Orange is an anti-inflammatory food as it contains antioxidants that reduce injuries caused by oxidation in the body also it improves immunity against infectious agents.
Good Eye Health: Orange is good for eyes as it contains an excellent amount of vitamin A very essential to maintain healthy eyes and eyesight.
Fights Kidney Diseases: Orange consumption in the diet reduces kidney diseases like kidney infections and kidney stones.
Other Health Benefits Of Oranges: Oranges are helpful in many ways to our body like it improves immunity to diseases. Orange prevents stomach ulcers, improves sperm quality, helps in weight loss, beneficial during pregnancy due to the presence of folic acid, and helps to form collagen which is a component of bones, ligaments, tendons, and blood vessels.
Origin Of Orange & Its Dispersal Around The World
Orange is noted in Chinese literature dated as old as 314 B.C. Orange is not a domesticated wild fruit, but it is hybridized in the South Asian region mostly in China and India. Orange was first introduced in Europe by Moors, after which large cultivation of orange took place in Europe in the 10th century. Oranges were unknown in the Mediterranean region till the 15th century till when Italian and Portuguese traders introduced it to this area.
In America oranges got introduced with Spanish explorers and travelers; it is said that the first orange tree was planted in Hispaniola by Columbus in his second voyage. Louisiana got introduced to orange by French explorers.
Necessary Conditions To Cultivate Orange On Large Scale
Orange requires a frost-free atmosphere with a temperature range between 10⁰-35⁰. Orange can grow up to an altitude of 500 meters above sea level in a moderate rainfall of 100-120 cm.
Orange grows well in many types of soil like sandy loam soil, clay loam or deep loam soil with good drainage. Care should be taken that rainwater or irrigation water should not clog into the soil.
Commercial worldwide orange production is done by Brazil, the USA, China, India, Mexico, Spain, Egypt, Turkey, Italy, and South Africa.